1) Literacy development
This involves encouraging children to link sounds and letters and to begin to read and write. Children must be given access to a wide range of reading materials (books, poems and other written materials) to ignite their interest.
This involves providing children with opportunities to develop and improve their skills in counting, understanding and using numbers, calculating simple additiona and subtraction problems; and to describe shapes, spaces and measures.
3) Understanding the world
This involves guiding children to make sense of their physical world and their community through opportunities to explore, observe and find out about people, places, technology and the environment.
4) Expressive arts and design
This involves enabling children to explore and play with a wide range of media and materials, as well as providing opportunities and encouragement for sharing their thoughts, ideas and feelings through a variety of activities in art, music, movement, dance, role-play, and design and technology.